Cholesterol (Lipid) PanelMeasure lipid levels to help assess risk for heart attack, heart disease, and other diseases of the blood vessels. Read more
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Total Cholesterol: This measures the total amount of cholesterol found in your blood. The cholesterol is bound to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) as it moves through the blood.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): LDL, often called "bad" cholesterol, transports cholesterol throughout your body to the cells that need it. Too much LDL can make cholesterol build up in your arteries, making them narrow and stiff, or blocking them, which makes it more difficult for blood to flow.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL): HDL, which is often called "good" cholesterol, picks up extra cholesterol that is circulating in the blood and takes it back to your liver so it can be removed from your body.
Triglycerides: Triglycerides are fats that are formed from foods such as oils, dairy, and red meat. These fats get converted into triglycerides and are stored away in fat cells to be used when needed. High levels of triglycerides can lead to hardening and thickening of the arteries.
• People age 20 or older who are at low risk for cardiovascular disease should have their cholesterol checked every 5 years
• People with cardiovascular disease risk factors should be checked more frequently
• High blood pressure
• High cholesterol levels
• Diabetes mellitus
• High-fat diet
• Sedentary lifestyle
• Tobacco use
Your healthcare provider can help you determine your risk factors for developing heart disease.
Getting your cholesterol checked. cdc.gov/cholesterol/cholesterol_screening.htm
LDL and HDL cholesterol: "bad" and "good" cholesterol. cdc.gov/cholesterol/ldl_hdl.htm
How and when to have your cholesterol checked. cdc.gov/cholesterol/checked.htm
*Heart and Stroke Statistics https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/heart-and-stroke-association-statistics