Diabetes Risk PanelCheck your glucose (blood sugar) level, hemoglobin A1c, and total cholesterol to help determine your risk of diabetes and measure your heart health. Read more
Our Diabetes Risk Panel can help determine your risk of diabetes by measuring blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and total cholesterol level. The glucose test measures your blood sugar level at the time of testing and will identify high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). The hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 3 months. The Total Cholesterol Test measures the total amount of cholesterol content in your blood based on your LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol) levels.
This test will only provide a value for Total Cholesterol and not individual values for LDL or HDL. If you are interested in a test that will provide these individual values, you may want to consider the Basic Health Profile, Women's Basic Health Profile, or Men's Basic Health Profile.
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Type 1 diabetes is believed to be caused by an autoimmune reaction when the body mistakenly attacks itself. During this reaction, beta cells in the pancreas, which produce insulin, are destroyed. Currently, there is no known prevention for type 1 diabetes. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in children but can develop later.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in older people, but it can affect people of all ages. In most people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, but the body cannot use it effectively. Insulin resistance, or impaired insulin sensitivity, is a precursor to diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and exercising regularly.
Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common and certain conditions can put you at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors include:
- Age 35 or older
- Those who are overweight or obese and have certain risk factors:
- Family history of type 2 diabetes (parent or sibling)
- Native American, African American, Latino, Asian American, or Pacific Islander race or ethnicity
- History of heart disease or stroke
- High blood pressure
- Low HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) and/or high triglyceride level
- Being physically inactive
- Having polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- History of gestational diabetes
- Prediabetes, which is an elevated blood glucose level that is not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes
- HIV positive